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IT

A security clearance can get you into places

What is a Security Clearance?

By Business, Education, IT, Military No Comments

Don’t Let Your Security Clearance Expire!

Having a security clearance can provide you with a range of benefits. If you plan on working with the federal government, it’s a necessity. The level of difficulty for obtaining a clearance depends on how sensitive the information you’re getting access to is.

There are four security clearance types:

  • Interim Security Clearance
  • Confidential Security Clearance
  • Secret Security Clearance
  • Top Secret Security Clearance

There are 4 types of security clearances

On top of that, there are two categories of highly classified information:

  • Sensitive Compartmented Information (SCI)
  • Special Access Programs (SAPs)

These cover top secret information. The information has an even higher level of risk than the regular top secret security information. These are additional clearances that you attain on top of your current security clearance. These aren’t common and are only provided to an extremely limited amount of people.

As the level of security gets higher, the amount of time you need to have your background reviewed gets shorter. For example, you need to get your Confidential Security Clearance reviewed every 15 years, but for a Top Secret Security Clearance, it’s every 5 years.

If you’re in the military, you probably already have a security clearance of some level. If you’re a veteran and switching back into civilian life, don’t let it expire! Be sure to keep it up to date by taking “cleared” positions with companies or government agencies. This way, your job helps you maintain your security clearance. Some companies will pay more if a candidate has a security clearance and will look for candidates that have one.

Having a security clearance in the IT industry can be very beneficial. Here are some of the reasons why:

  1. Access to More Hiring OpportunitiesObviously, not everyone has a security clearance. But, there are certain positions that won’t take anyone that doesn’t have one. There are I.T. positions in government entities and they want cleared I.T. professionals. If you do your job well AND have a security clearance, companies will want you. The demand is so high that there are organizations that are dedicated to connecting cleared I.T. professionals to a variety of companies and agencies.
  2. Higher SalaryThere is actually a low supply of cleared I.T. candidates compared to the demand. Companies want candidates that have security clearances and will pay more to have you. Salary rates also go up as your level of security clearance increases. As some people would say, with great power comes great responsibility.
  3. Once You Have One, You Can Access the OthersOnce you have one clearance, it gives you easier access to higher levels of security clearance. If you choose to pursue and obtain higher clearances, this opens doors to more job opportunities and higher pay.

Once you have access to one you can get access to others

If you still don’t have a security clearance, don’t fret! You just have to push through the process of getting your first clearance and you’ll be in the door. Just be sure to not let it expire and keep using it in whatever job you are doing. Having a security clearance certainly helps especially if you want a career in information technology.

You need to study to pass the CompTIA exam

CompTIA Exam Secrets and Hints to Help You Pass Your Test

By Education, IT No Comments

These Tips Will Help You Pass Your CompTIA Exam

Taking IT tests is not easy. There’s a reason why many people fail in their first attempt. When you are getting ready for the CompTIA exams, it is a huge amount of time and preparation someone has to invest.
That is why we have compiled some tips to help you get your CompTIA certification. While nothing will replace your studying, these tricks and secrets will sure help you get confident and ready to pass your test

1.   Avoid “Brain Dumps”

Getting official CompTIA textbooks or materials from well-established industry pros is a good way to ensure you are using and consuming high quality materials.
Avoid brain dumps. A brain dump is when a person posts test questions after taking a test, which many times include answers. This might be helpful to get knowledge, but be careful, since there is no quality control, and you may be getting the wrong answers. It might help you pass the exam but, it will not do you any favors when you need to use the knowledge in the real life. Brain dumps can get the person posting them in legal issues, since CompTIA exam takers have to sign a non-disclosure agreement.

2. Have in mind the objectives

Having the test objectives in mind does more than just prepare you for the layout of the test. It works like a roadmap that enables you to know how fast or slowly you’re moving through the material.
Time is crucial in these exams and knowing where you are and how much time you have left is fundamental. Studying the objectives means you are more prepared to take and pass your exam in general.

2.   Know you Learning Style

People have different learning styles. You may have to write things down or see images in order to learn and memorize better. Some people need silence. Maybe reading things out loud helps some people retain their knowledge, but you may need to explain and or demonstrate the concepts to someone else out loud in order to learn.
Figuring out what works for you in terms of retaining information is the best test trick when you have a hard exam to take. This online test can tell you if you’re an auditory, visual, or kinetic learner. Learning that will make all the difference when you are taking any test.

4. Build a PC Computer or Set up a Network

This is especially important for the CompTIA A+ exam and the Network+ exam. The CompTIA A+ 901 exam covers hardware and the 902 covers software. While it might sound difficult, building an actual computer is a great and fun way to prepare for a CompTIA test. It will be not just great for grasping the theory itself, but the actual hands-on practice. Same thing goes for the Network+ exam. Nothing is better to make you fully understand networks than to actually set one up for yourself.
It comes down to this: It’s easier to memorize things when you do them in real life. If this is not possible, finding a tech lab like this one at ICOHS College tech school in San Diego , is the best thing. Their CompTIA A+ course includes hands-on experience with building computers, a great component of any IT training.

5. Hyper focus on your weaknesses

Take a CompTIA practice test to see how ready you are and where your weaknesses are. When you’re reviewing your answers, check what you keep getting wrong and then redouble your focus and study efforts in those areas.

6. Skip the Hardest Questions

These IT tests are about time management, so, if a question seems too difficult and time consuming, skip it. On Security+ test, there are beta questions, seemingly random questions which are being tried out for future versions of the test. They are not graded, but it is hard to tell which ones are, so don’t skip too many questions without answering.
Beta questions are not a feature of every CompTIA test, so skipping a hard question will give you more time to the questions you know the answers. By the time you return to the hard question, you may be more comfortable to answer it.

7. Get ready for the CompTIA’s Performance-Based Questions

Performance-based questions (PBQs) ask the taker to solve a problem or perform a task in a simulation. These questions take more time and can be daunting if you’re not prepared for them. But don’t be scared, they are a little bit more complex, but not impossible to answer. Keep in mind that most PBQs will come at the beginning of the test and getting ready for these questions with labs will make it much easier. However, if you reach the question and don’t feel confident, skip it and after come back to it.

8. MOST, BEST, LEAST

A great exam tricks is if a question contains capitalized words like MOST, BEST or LEAST pay attention, because it gives you a hint as to what the question is about. Many answers seem to fit, but there is only one option that corresponds to the capitalized superlative and will help you successfully pass your exam.

9. Join a Community or group for CompTIA Test Tricks

Joining a CompTIA study group online is an amazing way to get ready for the test. They share several good resources, study suggestions, and more in the CompTIA subreddit, /r/CompTIAwhich is full of people who have either passed their certifications or who are further ahead in the process. If you have a question or a hard time to understand a tricky section, you can always ask and people will be happy to share the secrets and give the answers.

10. Make a Study Plan to Pass the Exam

Planning and keeping track of the content you need to cover in your studies is crucial. Be sure to allow more time for difficult subjects or areas you might need some extra help on. Set aside a specific time everyday day to dedicate to different topics and then stick to it.

Make a study plan to pass the CompTIA exam

11. Master the Multiple-Choice Tricks

First, eliminate answers that are obviously wrong. Second, recall information related to the question asked. This is a very effective method for remembering the correct answer. If two of the answers are related, that probably means that one of them is the right one. If all the answers seem incorrect, you need review the question to try to figure out what they’re actually asking. For more hints and tricks, check this multiple-choice questions.

12. Rest Well the Day of Your CompTIA Exam

Last but not least, you need to be well-rested, hydrated, fed and as calm as possible. Coffee or black tea will also help keep you alert. So, get a good night sleep and be sure to eat good food and bring a water bottle with you.

Another thing that will help keep you calm is to know exactly where the testing location is. Leave yourself plenty of time in case there is heavy traffic or you get lost. And, finally, build up your confidence by giving yourself a pep talk. You’ve got this!

13. Final Thoughts

Sometimes it’s easy to get discouraged, especially if you have tried and failed before. With the CompTIA A+ exam cost, you want to make sure you are investing your money wisely. Self-study is important, but most people need extra help. That’s why ICOHS College offers hands-on tech industry training with top-notch instructors to help you pass your CompTIA courses, get your certified, and ready for an IT job.
With classes offered during the day and evening, we’ll help you along your tech certification career path. Then, we provide student services to assist our graduates in getting hired in California, which includes networking with our employer partners and writing a good resume.
The tech industry in San Diego is in desperate need of IT professionals who are certified and ready to get those jobs. Taking the CompTIA certification classes are a great way to get started. If you want to pass the CompTIA exam in San Diego and get certified, contact us!
Make sure your protected when you are on the internet

7 Most Important Cyber Security Topics

By IT No Comments

Is your network secure?

Passwords

Passwords are how we are linked to everything on the Internet. A weak password has a higher chance of being attacked, whereas a strong password has the least likely to be attacked.
The first thing is never to choose a password that is listed as a common password. This includes the following:
●     qwerty.
●     password.
●     111111.
●     12345678.
●     abc123.
●     1234567.
●     password1.
●     12345.
Online security is top priority
These passwords will more than likely see your account hacked.
A strong password contains up to 16 characters, a symbol, uppercase characters, lowercase characters, and numbers.
Keeping your account password secure is the first step in securing your digital life, but it’s not the only way an attacker can get into your account.

Malware

Malware is known as bad software or malicious software that comes from the Internet. The trick about malware is that you can just be checking your email and malware automatically comes on your system.
There isn’t much that can be done to stop malware, other than making sure that your system is secured with some sort of anti-malware agent to prevent attackers from stealing account credentials or personal information.
There are tools to help you delete malware from your system, those include the following:
●     Malwarebytes
●     Avast
●     Norton
●     McAfee
●     Windows Defender
There are others on the market as well including ClamAV, Panda Cloud, AVG and others. Each anti-malware agent can use a certain amount of resources and some are better at detecting malware than others.

Privacy

Privacy is becoming a bigger threat to cyber security and similar to malware, it controls or works on your system while you are doing something else like checking your email, or even typing up a document.
Websites and Apps thrive on data login credentials and history to see keep track or suggest new products or trends for you. This data is a goldmine for a cyber thief.
There are many ways to stop this from happening to you and your computers.
Privacy issues online
  1. Install an AdBlocker on your favorite browser. These AdBlockers contain code that stops ads from appearing on websites, which don’t install cookies to your system. A cookie is a hidden object that you download, while most are safe and don’t have any evil intentions, there are some out there that are bad. Some AdBlockers include:
    1. AdBlock Plus
    2. AdBlock
    3. NoScript
    4. Ghost
  2. Install and use a VPN, a VPN is a virtual private network, it is used as it says, to put you in a private system in a virtual environment. Popular VPN’s include:
    1. NordVPN
    2. IPVanish
    3. CyberGhost
  3. Deleting cookies and cache every week will also help with privacy concerns. There are tools that can be found that can do this for you
    1. CClenear
    2. BleachBit
    3. Onyx

Data Breaches

These over the last few years have become some of the most strong cyber attacks around, where companies who hold your data are hacked and attacked. Many companies now are dealing with data breaches from video game companies to credit card companies.
Due to all the data breaches on the network, it’s important to hide and keep yourself secured.
As a person you can not stop data breaches from happening, the main thing to understand is if you are a victim of a breach, contact the company that the attack happened to. Those companies have in place a contingency plan that will notify you on.

Safe Computing

It’s very easy to keep your habits and computer safe from attackers, as well as from other hackers. The best is to find good Internet security software, but understand it will not help you with everything.
As the user, you still need to control what others see you online as. This includes scanning your computer or viruses, or even malware.

Scams

While not as big as it used to be, there are online scammers out there. These scammers usually work right after some major events, including a natural disaster.
Typically, an attacker will call you representing the American Red Cross, and he or she asks for a donation for some event that happened. Usually, these phone calls are not legit. This person is looking for your credit card so they can purchase things, or even ruin your credit.
Scams come in many different ways including social media chats and phishing emails where it looks like they are coming from a legit company but they are not. It is very tough to catch these types of criminals as you don’t know if the person on the other end is legit or fake.
The best way to find out if it’s a scam is to ask questions.

Mobile Protection

Like scams, the same goes for protecting your mobile device, as well as protecting the data that is on the device.
While you can not protect the individual applications, you can protect what content and data you give to these companies.
On certain devices (Android) there are ways to protect to have anti-virus and anti-malware to help protect the actual mobile device. iPhones do not have this capability as they are secured by Apple’s network code.
In many ways, you have to treat your mobile device as an extension of your desktop computer.
If you are looking for a cybersecurity program in San Diego, or network security training in San Diego, ICOHS College offers those programs. The college is an academic partner of CISCO, Microsoft, VM Ware IT Academy, EC-Council and CompTIA offering courses including the Certified Ethical Hacker. Apply for the next session today!

 

 

 

 

 

Computer technology is in high demand

Why is a Career in IT a Great Choice?

By Education, IT No Comments

You’re in the Right Place!

Did you know that the IT sector is one of the fastest-growing sectors worldwide? The IT sector will grow bigger every year. The United States is the largest tech market in the world and the Global Information technology industry is to reach $5.2 trillion in 2020. If you are looking for a new professional or career change, the It Industry might be a perfect match for you. In this article, we will tell you why the career in IT a great choice is and what are the benefits of this industry.

The Benefits of starting a career in the IT Industry

If you are someone who wants great payment or career opportunities, then this industry is made for you:

Employment demands

There is a high demand for IT professionals. The tech companies are looking for IT professionals and there aren’t enough workers to fill the role of IT employment. This problem will not end soon, because the tech industry is growing with 22-38% in 2020. That means that the job opportunities will grow and the demand in the market will increase with the months even more. You can almost work in any industry because there are enough companies that require IT departments. The San Diego technology industry is even leaping forward faster than nearly every major city in the U.S. and Canada, according to a new report from real estate researchers at CBRE.

Great Pay

Expect a very good rate of pay in the industry. Even when you are at an entry-level, you can expect a decent salary. You can look into a comfortable financial future for yourself with lots of opportunities.

information technology professionals make good money

Career Opportunities.

The tech industry is so vast that you can always look for new opportunities. You can always look into new opportunities and find out which of them you want to take. It is normal to start as a tech professional at an entry-level and after a few years, you can move to a middle-level managerial position. This is not unusual in companies to seek out talented students before they receive their degrees.

Job Security

Because of the demand companies will usually offer great benefits and bonuses. You can enjoy working in this industry that offers job security and progression opportunities. There are many people who enter into the IT career and stay within this industry through their working lives.

Work/life balance is good

There are many companies that care about the wellbeing of their IT employees. A lot of IT companies in California offer wellness programs as well as a truly complete space with restaurants, spas, and lounges where IT professionals can make use of those benefits. Many companies are now encouraging a healthy, happy and active workforce.

information technology jobs offer good work life balance

There are also a lot of people who are working in IT and often do not see an office. They are working from home instead. With video conferencing, group chat and collaboration software, employees don’t need to communicate face to face. Most tech industries also tend to be forward-thinking in terms of benefits for the employees. For instance, when you have an appointment, you will have enough time to attend it. You will be happier as an employee as you will feel empowered through being able to structure your work and personal life according to your needs.

You will learn new skills

Working at a tech company can be an incredible learning experience for everyone. There are chances to jump in different projects and you can even pick up in your interest area. In that way, you can develop new skills and you can find something that you want to change your career into.

Meaningful work

The tech is not only about coming up with new ideas, but also involves figuring out how to make ideas work. In this industry, it is all about coming up with solutions. There is a lot of involvement. Are you the type that loves solving problems? Then this industry is perfect for you.

You can see what you’re studying

Information technology is practical. You won’t just learn the theoretical part, but you also get the opportunity that you can make things. With that, you can change or adjust a thing or implement what you’ve learned. It is really important that you have knowledge in any career field, but sometimes it’s better to see what you’re learning by actually doing it. This is a way to remember things quickly and also for a longer period of time.

Final Thoughts

Information Technology is the future for job opportunities in San Diego. All you need to start a career in Information Technology in San Diego is to look for a college that offers high quality, hands-on experience and prepare you for IT exams in San Diego. ICOHS College can help you out starting a professional career in Information Technology.

Apply for IT Courses Now

 

 

 

13 Tips to Help Pass a CompTIA Certification Test

By IT No Comments
Taking IT tests is not easy. There’s a reason why many people fail in their first attempt. When you are getting ready for the CompTIA exams, it is a huge amount of time, energy and preparation someone has to invest.
That is why we have compiled some tips to help you get your CompTIA certification. While nothing will replace your studying, these tricks and secrets will sure help you get confident and ready to take your test. Here are 13 tips that can help you get CompTIA certified.

1.   Avoid “Brain Dumps”

A brain dump is when a person posts test questions after taking a test, which many times include answers. This might be helpful to get knowledge, but be careful, since there is no quality control, and you may be getting the wrong answers. It might help you pass the exam but, it will not do you any favors when you need to use the knowledge in real life. Brain dumps can get the person posting them in legal issues since CompTIA exam takers have to sign a non-disclosure agreement.

2.   Know your Learning Style

People have different learning styles. You may have to write things down or see images in order to learn and memorize better. Some people need silence. Maybe reading things out loud helps some people retain their knowledge, but you may need to explain and or demonstrate the concepts to someone else out loud in order to learn.
Figuring out what works for you in terms of retaining information is the best test trick when you have a hard exam to take. This online test can tell you if you’re an auditory, visual, or kinetic learner. Learning that will make all the difference when you are taking any test.

3. Have in mind the objectives

Having the test objectives in mind does more than just prepare you for the layout of the test. It works like a roadmap that enables you to know how fast or slowly you’re moving through the material.
Time is crucial in these exams and knowing where you are and how much time you have left is fundamental. Studying the objectives means you are more prepared to take and pass your exam in general.

4. Hyperfocus on your weaknesses

Take a CompTIA practice test to see how ready you are and where your weaknesses are. When you’re reviewing your answers, check what you keep getting wrong and then redouble your focus and study efforts in those areas.

5. Skip the Hardest Questions

These IT tests are about time management, so, if a question seems too difficult and time-consuming, skip it. On the Security+ test, there are beta questions, seemingly random questions that are being tried out for future versions of the test. They are not graded, but it is hard to tell which ones are, so don’t skip too many questions without answers.
Beta questions are not a feature of every CompTIA test, so skipping a hard question will give you more time to the questions you know the answers. By the time you return to the hard question, you may be more comfortable to answer it.

6. Get ready for the CompTIA’s Performance-Based Questions

Performance-based questions (PBQs) ask the taker to solve a problem or perform a task in a simulation. These questions take more time and can be daunting if you’re not prepared for them. But don’t be scared, they are a little bit more complex, but not impossible to answer. Keep in mind that most PBQs will come at the beginning of the test and getting ready for these questions with labs will make it much easier. However, if you reach the question and don’t feel confident, skip it and after come back to it.

7. Get high-quality instruction and materials

Getting official textbooks from CompTIA or materials from well-established industry professionals is a good way to ensure you are consuming the best materials. Also, taking the courses at organizations that offer classroom-style training programs for CompTIA certifications which teach courses using the most current exam objectives for each certification.

8. Build a PC Computer or Set up a Network

Zoom WhatsApp Image 2019-12-05 at 11.47.18.jpeg
Students assembling an i9 computer at ICOHS College in San Diego 
This is especially important for the CompTIA A+ exam and the Network+ exam. The CompTIA A+ 901 exam covers hardware and the 902 covers software. While it might sound difficult, building an actual computer is a great and fun way to prepare for a CompTIA test. It will be not just great for grasping the theory itself, but the actual hands-on practice. The same thing goes for the Network+ exam. Nothing is better to make you fully understand networks than to actually set up one for yourself. It’s easier to memorize things when you do them in real life. If this is not possible, finding a tech lab like this one at ICOHS College tech school in San Diego, is the best thing. Their CompTIA A+ course includes hands-on experience with building computers, a great component of any IT training.

9. Join a Community or group for CompTIA Test Tricks

Joining a CompTIA study group online is an amazing way to get ready for the test. They share several good resources, study suggestions, and more in the CompTIA subreddit, /r/CompTIA which is full of people who have either passed their certifications or who are further ahead in the process. If you have a question or a hard time to understand a tricky section, you can always ask and people will be happy to share the secrets and give the answers.

10. Make a Study Plan to Pass the Exam

Planning and keeping track of the content you need to cover in your studies is crucial. Be sure to allow more time for difficult subjects or areas you might need some extra help on. Set aside a specific time everyday day to dedicate to different topics and then stick to it.

11. MOST, BEST, LEAST 

A great exam trick is if a question contains capitalized words like MOST, BEST or LEAST pay attention because it gives you a hint as to what the question is about. Many answers seem to fit, but there is only one option that corresponds to the capitalized superlative and will help you successfully pass your exam.

12. Master the Multiple-Choice Tricks

First, eliminate answers that are obviously wrong. Second, recall information related to the question asked. This is a very effective method for remembering the correct answer. If two of the answers are related, that probably means that one of them is the right one. If all the answers seem incorrect, you need to review the question to try to figure out what they’re actually asking. For more hints and tricks, check these multiple-choice questions.

13. Rest Well the Day of Your CompTIA Exam

Last but not least, you need to be well-rested, hydrated, fed and as calm as possible. Coffee or black tea will also help keep you alert. So, get a good night’s sleep and be sure to eat good food and bring a water bottle with you.

Another thing that will help keep you calm is to know exactly where the testing location is. Leave yourself plenty of time in case there is heavy traffic or you get lost. And, finally, build up your confidence by giving yourself a pep talk. You’ve got this!

14. Final Thoughts

Sometimes it’s easy to get discouraged, especially if you have tried and failed before. With the CompTIA A+ exam cost, you want to make sure you are investing your money wisely. Self-study is important, but most people need extra help. That’s why ICOHS College offers hands-on tech industry training with top-notch instructors to help you pass your CompTIA courses, get your certified, and ready for an IT job. About 85% of ICOHS College students have passed the exam on their first attempt.
With classes offered during the day and evening, we’ll help you along your tech certification career path. Then, we provide student services to assist our graduates in getting hired in California, which includes networking with our employer partners and writing a good resume.
The tech industry in San Diego is in desperate need of IT professionals who are certified and ready to get those jobs. Taking the CompTIA certification classes are a great way to get started. If you want to pass the CompTIA exam in San Diego and get certified, contact us!
cybersecurity certifications at ICOHS College

Network Security vs Cybersecurity – Explained

By IT No Comments

Difference between Network Security and Cybersecurity?

Similarities and differences between cybersecurity and network security are closely related.
Information security, network security, cybersecurity: the industry is flooded with terms to describe how companies protect their network data. While the experience of wading through a mixture of terminology to describe a specific operation or function is not limited to the network industry, the use of several terms complicates the process of developing an effective approach to secure data within the company.
In particular, confusion reigns over the differences between network security and cybersecurity. What is the difference between them? How are they alike? Let’s try to clear up the confusion.

What is cybersecurity?

 
Technically speaking, cybersecurity considers the security of the entire cybernetic continuum. In other words, it cares about protecting data within a company’s network computing space. In practice, this includes ensuring where data is stored, where it is handled and where it is transported. Simply put, cybersecurity refers to data protection, both at rest and on the move.
In practical terms, cybersecurity can be considered as the security of all computing space, from the information asset to the information user, including all intermediate components. The user does not need to be a human; As a result, cybersecurity also covers communications between data processing systems. That said, when IT professionals speak in terms of cybersecurity, they are usually more concerned with the security of the data that is stored and not transmitted.
In order to have a successful cybersecurity approach, there should be multiple layers of protection. People on the network must understand data security principles like not opening sketchy emails, backing up their data, and choosing strong passwords for their accounts. On top of that, there should be a policy on how cyber-attacks would be handled. People, processes, and technology should all be on the same page in order to achieve the highest level of cybersecurity.

What is network security?

 
In the company’s modern computing infrastructure, it is likely that the data is in motion and at rest. This is where network security comes into play. While technically a subset of cybersecurity, network security primarily deals with the company’s network infrastructure. It deals with topics such as securing the contour of the network; data transport mechanisms, such as switches and routers; and those pieces of technology that provide protection for data as they move between computing nodes. It delves into the details and security of every single gateway in a network that could be vulnerable to attack. Types of network security include antivirus software, email security, firewalls, and more.
Of course, all this raises the question: if network security is simply a subset of cybersecurity, why even subdivide the domain? One of the reasons is that cybersecurity tends to consider security, including the evaluation of technologies such as encryption. Encryption is important, but it does not necessarily have to do with the problems, companies face in protecting the network.
In addition, it is not always networking security versus cybersecurity, since the two complement each other in the data protection continuum. If one thinks in terms of data protection both at rest and in motion, then network security covers the data that travels through the network, while cybersecurity is concerned with protecting data at rest.

The critical difference between network security and cybersecurity

 
Where cybersecurity and network security differ is mainly in the application of security planning. A cybersecurity plan without a network security plan is incomplete; however, a network security plan can be independent.
Looking at this in another way, network security is a subset of cybersecurity, which, in turn, is a subset of information security, another separate issue. However, if you evaluate your security needs, the planning should be reduced to the lowest level. At each level, procedures and tools must ensure that access to confidential information is controlled and measures are taken to detect and mitigate any infringement that could lead to the disclosure of such information. Ultimately, the survival of a company could depend on the success in creating such a framework.
ICOHS College offers IT programs and courses that include education on cybersecurity, like the CompTIA Security+ certificate. CLICK HERE to learn more!
information technology is simplified through devops

DevOps – Simplified

By IT No Comments

What is DevOps?

DevOps, in basic terms, is a set of practices that combines people, processes, and technology to heighten efficiency and automate workflows. At its core, it’s a culture and a movement. It unifies development and operations by shifting mindsets and improving collaboration.

In the world of information technology, one of the main goals of a development and production team is to provide quality products for their customers in a timely manner. It is a competitive environment so if a company isn’t delivering the goods as fast as its competitors, they’re at a loss. DevOps focuses on automating all processes to help decrease the workload of both teams, allow for better communication and collaboration, and increase the rate of production and delivery. By removing the human element, there is less room for human error since the processes rely on technology.

Though the concept of DevOps has been around for a while, it is becoming a valuable trait in IT companies. It is beginning to take over the work culture of the business world.

DevOps allows teams to become high performing which leads to building better products at a faster rate. In order for DevOps to be adopted into a company, the teams need to be ready to change their mindset as well as a new set of tools to assist with automation. There are three practices that DevOps is based upon:

Continuous Integration

Continuous integration increases teamwork and code testing efficiency. It automates the build and testing of code every time someone makes a change. This pushes team members to collaborate and share their work rather than work in isolation for long periods of time. Instead, they all merge their changes into a shared version for every task completed. Before, developers would work in isolation and would integrate their changes later which would take a lot of time and effort. Continuous integration cuts down on this time which leads to faster production.

Continuous Delivery

Continuous delivery is the practice of testing, picking the successful build and pushing them towards production through automated processes. The computers will pick up any bugs and flaws in the code faster which allows them to be fixed faster as well. Once this is complete, the software will be accepted and pushed to the next step in the development and production process.

Continuous Deployment

Continuous deployment is the practice of automatically deploying software into production. This way, everything is done automatically, without manual labor. Once the software is deployed after all the testing, it still needs to be monitored for any issues. If any problems arise, you need to be able to respond and recover accordingly. Failing to do so can lead to a loss in the trust of your customers.

DevOps Tools

Chef is one of the tools that is being utilized in DevOps workflows. It is used to test, automate, and manage infrastructure. It ensures that files and software are present and working as they should be on whatever machine you’re using. All of its components help with the flow of continuous integration, delivery, and deployment.

Puppet is another configuration management tool that focuses on infrastructure automation. It is a deployment tool that is older than Chef and has more established roots in the field. It can automate server setup, program installation, and system management for multiple servers. It allows programmers to write, test, and launch programs without waiting on others.

These are just two of the more popular tools used in the DevOps workflow. DevOps is on the rise as more companies adopt the culture into their own workspaces.

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information technology, cloud services, computing services, private cloud, public cloud, hybrid cloud, community cloud, Cloud computing as SaaS, Cloud computing as PaaS, Cloud computing as IaaS, information technology programs san diego

The Future of Computing Services

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What is Cloud Computing?

The definition of cloud computing is to offer services through connectivity and the large-scale Internet. Cloud computing democratizes access to international software resources, as it is a software application that serves diverse clients. Multilocation is what differentiates cloud computing from simple outsourcing and from models of older application service providers. Now, small businesses have the ability to master the power of advanced technology in a scalable way.
Cloud computing offers individuals and businesses of all sizes the capacity of a pool of computing resources with good maintenance, secure, easy access and on-demand, such as servers, data storage, and application solution. This gives companies greater flexibility in relation to their data and information, which can be accessed at any time and place, being essential for companies with offices around the world or in different work environments. With a minimum of management, all the elements of cloud computing software can be sized on-demand, you only need an Internet connection.

How does Cloud Computing work?

Cloud computing uses a network layer to connect users’ peripheral point devices, such as computers, smartphones, and portable accessories, to centralized resources in the data center. Before cloud computing, reliable software execution by companies offering services was only possible if they could also pay for the maintenance of the necessary server infrastructure. In addition, traditional software generally required a complete team of IT professionals, internal or external, to deal with the inevitable set of errors, service challenges, and upgrades. The concept of cloud computing is free of all those outdated problems and requirements.

 

What is the right cloud for your company?

Private Cloud – Made up of a single organization with its own cloud of servers and software for use without a public access point.

Public Cloud – Various companies can use simultaneously, but separately. The cloud provider is responsible for maintenance and security.

Hybrid cloud – Composed of two or more different cloud infrastructures that remain as single entities but are linked by standardized or proprietary technology.

Community Cloud – Different companies or organizations pool their resources in the cloud to solve a common problem.

How do you work in the cloud?

Work in the cloud offers certain peculiarities when it comes to work, both because of the way in which these platforms are structured and because of the Internet’s own characteristics. Among them the most prominent are:
1.       Improved user collaboration. With cloud applications, a collaboration between users is enhanced by being able to easily access shared documents.
2.       You can work wherever, whenever. With a system or application in the cloud, you can work from anywhere at any time, provided you have an Internet connection. In addition, most cloud services and platforms are being progressively integrated into mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets, which makes them even more accessible.
3.       Goodbye to equipment maintenance. This refers, of course, to internal infrastructures or servers, not to the hardware used to access the cloud computing applications themselves. However, there are maintenance times of the platforms performed by the company that provides the service and that can hinder the pace of work of your company.
4.       Rapid implementation of new processes. Cloud services are available to users almost instantly. In cases where data migration is necessary it may take a little longer, but the cloud application will be available from the first moment after installation.

What risks does cloud computing have?

The main risks of cloud work lie in two aspects: privacy and availability. In the case of privacy, many users wonder who the data that is hosted on the cloud systems really is, since, sometimes, the terms and conditions of these services may include ambiguous clauses in this regard. In addition, the data that is produced within these platforms can be seen in some form as the property of the companies that host them, as has already happened with storage systems that have been held responsible for the materials that their users hosted.
On the other hand, the availability of these platforms is another risk to consider. Although most of them have almost 100% of available time, do not forget blackouts such as 2012 or 2014, which turned off services such as Dropbox, Gmail, Adobe, Evernote, iCloud and part of Microsoft, among others. These blackouts are usually brief, but for a company that has all its systems in the cloud, it can lead to millions of losses, even if only a few minutes.

Classification of cloud computing by its level of services

With this classification, reference is made to the level at which users operate in the cloud, and it can be accessed at the most superficial level, which is the software; at intermediate, which is the platform; and finally, to the base, which is the infrastructure. In this way, the cloud can be classified as SaaS (Software as a Service), PaaS (Platform as a Service) and IaaS (Infrastructure as a Service).
1.       Cloud computing as SaaS
It is the most used type of cloud thanks to its features and its easy use. With the cloud as SaaS, the user only accesses the software, being able to configure the programs according to the options provided by the partner, but without having the need to have computer knowledge or have to control any aspect of the platform or infrastructure of the same. In short, the client gains in comfort but loses control and security. The most common examples of SaaS are email managers and CRMs.
2.       Cloud computing as PaaS
The platform as a service is probably the level of service that best suits SMEs since any infrastructure can be adapted to form a platform that responds to customer needs, which accesses said platform to create its own applications and programs For its part, the provider is responsible for providing the hardware support, leaving everything related to the management of the software and its security to the client, thus being able to establish the security and operating guidelines that it considers.
3.       Cloud computing as IaaS
Infrastructure as a service implies total user access to the cloud, both in technical and consumer aspects. In this way, although the provider supplies the user with hardware, this is the one who has access and full control to it virtually. Therefore, the user configures and manages the hardware that the provider gives him, thus achieving the highest degree of customization of his resources, although he loses in rapid scalability and flexibility, in addition to increasing the cost of managing these resources and Need qualified personnel.
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8 Top Technology Trends for 2020

By IT No Comments

The future is now.

As we move into the second decade of the twenty-first century, technology continues to thrive and develop in ways we could only dream of. From human jobs being replaced with robotic technology to self-driving cars, technology keeps evolving. These technologies also open doors to growing industries and future job opportunities. There will be an increase in demand for programmers, engineers, and developers alike with the trends we’re seeing.

Here are the five top technology trends for 2020 that can help prep you for any upcoming changes in the world:

1)      AI Technology

AI, or artificial intelligence, continues to grow and is still a trend to keep an eye on. It’s the process of teaching machines, like computers and robots, to “think” more like humans. AI can help businesses increase sales, automate work, detect fraud, and more depending on how they are programmed. It can have a large effect on how we live and work. Though AI might eliminate jobs, it’ll also create a demand for developers and programmers in the growing AI industry.

Amazon is using a machine learning system called Rekognition to identify people in photos and videos. They sell this service to marketing companies and more. This is only one of many examples of how AI can be utilized in the realm of business.

2)      5G Network

The 5G network is the fifth generation of mobile wireless communications. It is bringing in a range of new features like greater stability, faster speeds, and the ability to support more devices at once.

5G is already being used by millions of people in Korea and China. But, 2020 is likely to be the year where it really takes off in the U.S., especially at a more affordable cost with greater coverage. It could affect businesses in a positive way by making large file-sharing faster and more efficient and increasing productivity.

However, with all these great attributes come new cybersecurity risks. We’ll need to be prepared to evolve and grow to ensure strong security is maintained as 5G networks are utilized.

3)      Automation

Automation minimizes the need for human work and can help businesses run more efficiently. It combines software, machine learning, and automation tools to deliver results. In 2020, utilizing automation tools in businesses is likely to become more common.

Amazon GO Stores are a prime example of automation in action. There is no need for cashiers in this store because everything is done through their app. These advancements will eliminate a variety of jobs, but it will also create new jobs. Automation requires development, programming, and more in order to be utilized and we’ll need people to do those jobs.

4)      Blockchain

Blockchain is a digital ledger used to record transactions in a way that keeps it secure through encryption. It is a complex technology that can be used in a variety of industries. It became more known when it was used by Bitcoin, but most non-tech-savvy companies still don’t know about it. 2020 could be the year that changes.

Facebook plans on launching its own blockchain-based cryptocurrency in 2020, which will generate attention. Other companies like FedEx, IBM, and Walmart have invested in Blockchain over the course of 2019, which could lead other smaller businesses to adopt it as well.

5)      Autonomous Things

Our trend list wouldn’t be complete without autonomous things. Autonomous things include any technology that doesn’t need human direction and can move about freely. Self-driving cards fall into this category.

Tesla has been working on its autopilot feature in its cars and it’s only getting better. They are continuing to add more features and safety enhancements to the self-driving hardware in their cars. There are so many other things that can become autonomous, so it opens the door to a variety of future opportunities. In 2020, autonomous things will continue to be developed in the hopes of being integrated seamlessly into society.

6)      Human Augmentation

Human augmentation is the field of research about enhancing human abilities through technology or medicine. This can be physical or cognitive ability. There is a lot of research being done on this topic. It is an area of interest when it comes to the advancement of technology. Human augmentation can make humans more efficient, safe, and capable of actions beyond their normal capacity.

There are many different ideas and innovations that can come with human augmentation, like devices and implants that can enhance our senses. Cochlear implants are just one example of human augmentation that has helped many people in their daily lives. It is worthwhile to keep an eye on this industry as we enter this new decade.

7)      Distributed Cloud

Cloud storage has already been integrated into many industries. The emerging trend for 2020 and beyond will be distributed cloud storage. A distributed cloud is when computation, storage, and networking exist in a micro-cloud located outside of the main cloud hub. This includes edge computing which we’ll go into more detail below. Utilizing this can provide decreased latency and higher security for cloud computing.

8)      Edge Computing

Edge computing is the infrastructure that exists close to the sources of data, unlike regular cloud computing which relies on a central hub. Edge and cloud computing work hand in hand. Edge computing has the upper-hand when there is a need for low latency or when there are bandwidth restrictions, like being in an isolated area with no connectivity.

The edge computing market is predicted to grow in the coming years. With that will come the creation of more jobs, mainly software engineers.

A trend can be seen in the fact that through technology, we are aiming to utilize technology in a way that will make our jobs easier and even eliminate jobs. However, people are needed to develop these technologies, so it’d be useful to learn more about these growing industries. There will be a demand for programmers and developers to create and test these new forms of technology. That means this is the right time to get trained, earn certificates, and jump on these new technologies to prepare you for success in the future.
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Find out what blockchain is and what it is used for.

Blockchain: The Future of Digital Networks

By Business, IT No Comments

What is blockchain?

You may have never heard this term and much less know what blockchain is, but it is only a matter of time before you find out, because it is a paradigm shift in our way of understanding the digital world that will eventually become integrated into our lives, or so experts say. In this article, we will explain what blockchain means and why it will be key in the future of digital networks.

It was born as a secondary actor in the bitcoin revolution since it is the technology or the information coding system that is behind the virtual currency and that supports its entire structure. People start realizing the potential it had for itself and the number of applications it allows in other areas beyond financial transactions, such as public administration or the Internet of things. (Fortney, 2019)

Blockchain and the end of data centralization

Blockchain is a technology that allows the transfer of digital data with very sophisticated coding and in a completely safe way. It would be like the book of accounting entries of a company where all entries and exits of money are recorded; In this case, we talk about a book of digital events.
But it also contributes with a tremendous novelty: this transfer does not require a centralized intermediary that identifies and certifies the information but is distributed in multiple independent nodes that register and validate it without the need for trust between them. Once entered, the information cannot be deleted, only new records can be added, and it will not be legitimized unless most of them agree to do so.
Next to the level of security that this system provides against hacking, we find another big advantage: although the network would fall, with only one of those computers or nodes not doing so, the information would never be lost or the service, depending on the case of the let’s talk, it would still work.
An example that illustrates the importance of the distributed network is social networks. With this system, blockchain would eliminate the centralization imposed by applications such as Facebook or Twitter when identifying or validating the origin of our messages, and their integrity would be guaranteed by the network of nodes. (Greenspan, 2016)

Who is who in the blockchain and how does it work?

Let’s try to decipher who participates in the blockchain and how its technology works. The blockchain, as the name implies, is a blockchain. Each of these blocks contains the encoded information of a transaction in the network. Before we made the analogy of the accounting book, where we noted, for example, that A came out and entered B. Well, blockchain behaves the same, but it will be the network of distributed nodes that certify these data are true. How do they do it?
Each block in the chain carries the transaction package and two codes, one that indicates which is the block that precedes it (except the origin block, of course), and another for the block that follows, that is, that they are interwoven or chained so they are called hash codes or pointers. The concept of mining carried out by the nodes, that is, the process of information validation comes into play. In this process of mining or checking, when there are two blocks that point to the same previous block, the first one to be decrypted by the majority of the nodes simply wins, that is, that most points in the network must agree to validate the information. Therefore, although blockchain generates multiple blockchains, the longest blockchain will always be legitimized. (Siddiqui, 2018)

What is the future of blockchain?

Experts compare the arrival of the blockchain with milestones such as the integration of computers in domestic use or the development of the Internet, that is, a system that will change the way we understand business and society.
One of its greatest potentials is in the so-called smart contracts or smart contracts, that is, with blockchain technology, agreements and transactions can be made in a confident manner without revealing confidential information between the two parties and without the need for “arbitrators”, such as payments to distributors or, for example, the rental of a car online.

But not only this, based on the same concept, blockchain will be essential for the Internet of things. Our electronic devices will be able to communicate with each other in a safe and transparent way, and soon we will see our refrigerator buying yogurts in the online supermarket as soon as it detects that they have finished.
The administration will have an incomparable asset with this cryptography system. Issues such as electronic voting that, despite attempts made with other technologies, have not resisted hacking, could now be a viable option for voters with the assurance that their identity will not be supplanted and the convenience of not having to travel to the polling station.
There are currently many projects that are being investigated to implement the blockchain as a structure that supports them, so we will soon see if it really becomes the technology of the future. (Forbes Technology Council, 2018)

Bibliography
Forbes Technology Council. (2018, September 6). Innovation. Retrieved from www.forbes.com: https://www.forbes.com/sites/forbestechcouncil/2018/09/06/what-does-the-future-of-blockchain-hold-10-predictions-from-tech-experts/#f6be20d301ad
Fortney, L. (2019, November 26). Blockchain. Retrieved from www.investopedia.com: https://www.investopedia.com/terms/b/blockchain.asp
Greenspan, G. (2016, March 17). Developers. Retrieved from www.multichain.com: https://www.multichain.com/blog/2016/03/blockchains-vs-centralized-databases/
Siddiqui, I. (2018, April 24). Coinmonks. Retrieved from www.medium.coom: https://medium.com/coinmonks/what-the-hell-is-blockchain-and-how-does-it-works-simplified-b9372ecc26ef